Our shoulders are among the most active joints that we have, they are essential tools to perform the complex range of movements of the upper part of our body. They help us to maintain balance when they move and provide us with the means to lift and transport objects. But if dislocation of shoulder occurs then it will create a problem for us. Below is some information about dislocation of shoulder.
During the physical examination, your doctor will check the affected area to detect sensitivity, swelling or deformity. X-ray of the shoulder joint will show the dislocation and may reveal broken bones or other damage to the shoulder joint.
These are some of the treatments for shoulder dislocation:
- Closed reduction. During the process, the doctor may try some gentle maneuvers to help the bones return to their position. Before handling the bones of the shoulder, and depending on how much pain and inflammation there is, you may need a muscle relaxant or sedative, and even (although it is rare) general anesthesia. Once the bones are back in place, the intense pain should subside almost immediately.
- Surgery. If you have a weak shoulder or ligaments and tend to dislocate your shoulders frequently despite performing the proper strengthening and rehabilitation exercises, you may need surgery. In rare cases, you may need surgery if you have nerves or blood vessels damaged.
- Immobilization. The doctor can put a special sling or splint for a few days or up to three weeks to prevent the shoulder from moving. The amount of time you have to use the splint or sling will depend on the severity of the dislocation and how fast it is placed.
- Medicines. The doctor can prescribe an analgesic or a muscle relaxant so you do not feel discomfort while healing the shoulder.
- Rehabilitation. Once you have removed the splint or sling, you will begin a gradual rehabilitation program that aims to recover the range of motion, strength, and stability of the shoulder joint.
If you have a relatively simple dislocation, without serious damage to the nerves or tissues, the shoulder joint will probably improve in a few weeks; however, you will have a greater risk of dislocating your shoulder in the future. If you return to physical activity too soon after dislocation, you can injure the shoulder joint or dislocate it again.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Try these measures to relieve discomfort and promote healing after receiving treatment for a dislocated shoulder:
- Let your shoulder rest. Do not repeat the specific action that caused the dislocation of the shoulder and try to avoid painful movements. Limit weightlifting and movements above the head until the shoulder is better.
- Apply ice, then heat. Placing ice on the shoulder helps reduce inflammation and pain. Use cold packs, a bag of frozen vegetables or a towel filled with ice cubes for 15 to 20 minutes at a time. The first one or two days, do it every two hours.
After two or three days, when the pain and swelling have improved, warm compresses or heat pads can help relax the hardened and sore muscles. Limit heat application to 20 minutes at a time.